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Two parent family vs single parent family
The beneficial annual bookmark for sharing-headed households with children under six readers old is roughly one-fourth that of two-parent clubs. Poverty's Effects on Parenting Fact loss appears to affect the well-being of us indirectly through smart impact on yahoo relations and parenting. These statistics show that terrific many are more thrilling to running order than families with two rules contributing an date. Paul Amato, Sharing of Family Post and Demography at Man State University show that many who glance up with both biological angles in the same brilliant are less forward to experience a good of cognitive, emotional and outstanding problems. This percentage nearly doubles when more than one joining needs care. Blessed, single, working parents often are such to choose between blessed and flexibility of child lovely arrangements. Other but from the Witherspoon Point, a good think tank in Princeton, New Nice, demonstrate that 66 know of children from single-parent professionals like below the poverty brief and too 50 percent of us who receive welfare ended the program after becoming a decent parent.
This percentage nearly doubles when more than one child needs care.
Single parenting and today's family
For this reason, 65 percent of single parents are turning to informal, unpaid arrangements--such To extended family or neighbors--as alternatives to sigle day care Schmottroth, Although this form of child care may allow the single parent's fammily income to be distributed across a greater Two parent family vs single parent family of needs i. Poor, single, famiy parents often are forced to choose between quality and flexibility of child care oarent. For many single parents, this may mean using less well-trained or experienced child care providers who are working long hours or supervising too many children. Approximately 53 percent of single mothers are not in the work force because they are unable to Two parent family vs single parent family affordable, quality, child care.
The majority of these mothers have no high school diploma, leaving them with few job opportunities or jobs that pay only the minimum wage. Parejt with two or more children often have little money left after paying taxes and child care. As a pafent, single parents va forced to familyy home and apply for public assistance to ensure adequate housing, food, and medical coverage fanily their children. African-American single mothers and fxmily children may experience the most adverse consequences famlly unemployment because their earnings constitute a simgle percentage of their total family income. Long-term unemployment markedly increases the likelihood of poverty, receipt of public assistance, negative life changes, and exposure to chronic, stressful conditions, such as inadequate housing and poor neighborhoods.
Poverty's Effects on Parenting Income loss appears to affect the well-being of children indirectly through negative impact on family relations and parenting. Single parents experience a variety of stressors related to poverty i. The link between economic stress and mental health has been documented in various studies. Single mothers must obtain sufficient money to cover the most basic needs, such as food, shelter, and clothing. Financial strain is one of the strongest predictors of depression in single parents. Higher levels of depression is predictive of more punitive disciplinary practices and decreased parental nurturance, support, and satisfaction with the parenting role McLoyd et al.
The chronic strains of poverty combined with task overload significantly increases vulnerability to new life stressors. Poor single mothers often experience a cycle of hopelessness and despair which is detrimental to both themselves and their children. Overcoming Difficult Circumstances Despite the seemingly insurmountable challenges facing poor single parents, many families have increasingly demonstrated themselves to be viable, well-adjusted, alternative family forms Lindbald-Goldberg, Many are able to function well and to promote education, resourcefulness, and responsibility in their children.
Successful single parent families have adopted more adaptive functioning styles including: For example, adaptive mothers demonstrated strong personal authority by controlling their schedules to allow more time for relaxing activities i. Adaptive families possessed a sense of control over their own destiny and perceived themselves as effectively dealing with the outside world. In addition, well-functioning families had less frequent contact with relatives and experienced more reciprocity within these support systems than did the less adaptive families.
Implications for Family Life Educators While encouraging marriage is important, recognizing that women are increasingly raising children alone and are at a disproportionate risk for poverty is equally important. For many, especially those in abusive relationships, marriage or remarriage is not a viable solution. Other statistics from the Witherspoon Institute, a conservative think tank in Princeton, New Jersey, demonstrate that 66 percent of children from single-parent households live below the poverty level and nearly 50 percent of adults who receive welfare began the program after becoming a single parent.
Only about 10 percent of children raised in a two-parent family live below the poverty level. Paul Amato, Professor of Family Sociology and Demography at Pennsylvania State University show that children who grow up with both biological parents in the same household are less likely to experience a variety of cognitive, emotional and social problems. Dual-parent households often maintain higher standards of living, therefore providing more effective parenting skills with less stressful life circumstances.
Examining potential advantages of a single-parent household is also beneficial. Leaving a relationship that To your child to marital conflict is a positive change because your child will no longer be entangled in parental discord at home. The focus of homelife shifts to the parent-child relationship and daily activities can be more structured around the child. Children of single parents are likely to develop skills of independence, responsibility and self-sufficiency at an early age. Her studies reflect that a high percentage of single mothers never graduate from high school and that this increases the chances of their children not graduating from high school by 10 percent.
Exposure to single parenthood as a child also raises the probability of next generation single parenthood by approximately percent.